Hi, I'm Kiran Rao.

Android Developer. Tech enthusiast. Serial dabbler.

Tech as an Enhancer

This is a non-programming post in the series I call “re-stating the obvious”. This series talks about topics that have been beaten to pulp already. I’m simply adding to the cacophony. You can find all posts in this series here.

The trigger for this post

In November 2020, some Amazon Web Services servers suffered an outage that caused a domino effect across countless products and services which depend on AWS. Social media was quick to poke fun at the incident with an explosion of jokes and memes. This tweet is a summary of the mood of social media on that day:

Lessons learnt

My take-away from this incident (and others before it) is

Most products and services ought to dwell on the role of technology in the system. Does tech bring the most value as an enhancer or as a prerequisite? In other words, does the system degrade gracefully in the absence of the very tech that differentiates it?

(In this post, I use the term “tech” in a very loose sense)


Let’s look at some (mostly hypothetical) examples. Since I spent a large portion of my career in two domains (IoT and automobile), some bias is bound to creep into the examples.

  1. It is awesome that my air-conditioner is connected to the internet. I can set the temperature on my way home so that the house is already comfortable when I reach there. But should it really require the internet to function? Do I absolutely have to configure the WiFi settings before using the air-conditioner?
  2. An internet-connected blood pressure monitor is a really good idea since it eliminates the manual data entry process and lets medical personnel have direct access to the necessary data. However, a blood pressure monitor that refuses to function when a server is down is not very useful, is it?
  3. I can unlock my car with my phone? Amazing. Does it also have a good old key for backup? It would be awkward if my phone is out of battery and I cannot even unlock the car.

That last point seems far-fetched but it really isn’t. It is just one step away from this:

I could go on with dozens of examples but I think I’ve illustrated my point.

Offline first

“Offline-first” is often used to describe apps that function when the network is unavailable, but it is more than that. Offline-first apps also behave well in the face of a poor network connection. As an end user, the experience when you have that feeble network is way worse than when you have no network at all.

This concept of offline-first can be extended to all things tech. In majority of the cases, solutions need to be designed

  • First for the situation where the tech crutch on which the solution depends is unavailable for whatever reason
  • Then for the case where the tech is available but in a significantly reduced form
  • Then and only then for the case where the differentiating technology is healthy and functioning at its peak

I do qualify all my opinions with “majority of” or “most of” because I’m pretty sure there are situations where this is not feasible. I know there must be some solutions out there that rely completely on the tech, where the solution ceases to exist without the tech.


Tech is making its mark in unimaginable ways in unprecedented fields. It works really well when it enhances an existing system. It would be a shame to go overboard and make a system overly reliant on tech where there is no real need to.

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